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Góry Stołowe - kraina zrodzona z morza

_   Plants and mushrooms - for everybody interested

Peat bogs

Vegetation that is typical for a high peat bog occurs mainly in the "Great Peat Bog of Batorów" (Wielkie Torfowisko Batorowskie). Beside the common peat bog plants, such as sheathedtorfowiskocotton-grass, narrow-leaved cotton-grass or Vaccinium oxycoccos, there grow some rare species: marsh tea, turzyca nitkowata, turzyca skąpokwiatowa (included in the list of endangered plants in Poland) and marsh andromeda. At present, the most endangered species among the vascular plants inhabited this peat bog seems to be longleaf pine - the species enlisted in the Polish Red Book of Plants. Just here, the species was first described as new for the science in 1837. Now, the longleaf pine population is in very bad condition showing the signs of extinction. The main reason for that was the drainage of the Great Peat Bog of Batorów back in the middle of the 19th century and introduction of spruce tree there. That measure brought about disorders in the functioning of peat bog ecosystems and extinction of many species, including whortleberry willow, two species of sundew, bog herb and mud sedge. The drainage activities of that kind also lead to complete destruction of some peat bogs, such as the Long Marsh and Round Marsh on the hilltop of Skalniak, Vanishing Meadow, Small Peat Bog of Batorów or a peat bog near Łężyce Górne. The richest peat bog communities that survived in the Park's area exist in the valleys of brooks running off the south mountain ridge. They contain a number of plants typical for damp meadows, including Davall's sedge, enlisted in the red book of endangered species.

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Park Narodowy Gór Stołowych
ul. Słoneczna 31   
57-350 Kudowa Zdrój
tel. +48 74/ 8661-436, +48 74/ 8662-097
fax. +48 74/ 8654-918

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